Anime; plural: anime), often called Japanimation, is hand-drawn and computer system animation stemming from Japan. The term is stemmed from the English word animation, and is used in Japan as a blanket term for all animated media. Outside of Japan, anime is used either to describe animation made in Japan, or to a Japanese-disseminated animation design frequently characterized by vibrant graphics, lively characters, and fantastical themes
The earliest commercial Japanese animation dates to 1917. A particular anime art design emerged in the 1960s with the works of Osamu Tezuka and spread in the second half of the 20th century, developing a big domestic and worldwide audience. Anime can be distributed theatrically, by way of tv broadcasts, directly to home media, and online. In addition to initial works, anime are frequently adaptations of Japanese comics (manga), light books, or computer game.
Production techniques and techniques connected to anime have actually adapted over time in action to emerging technologies. As a multimedia art form, it integrates graphic art, characterization, cinematography, and other innovative methods.  Anime production normally focuses less on motion, and more on the realism of settings in addition to the use of electronic camera impacts, including panning, zooming, and angle shots.  Diverse art designs are used, and character proportions and functions can be quite varied, consisting of typically large or realistically-sized emotive eyes. Anime is categorized into various genres targeting both broad and specific niche demographics.
The anime market in Japan consists of over 430 production studios, with significant companies including Studio Ghibli, Gainax, and Toei Animation. Despite consisting of only a fraction of the nation's domestic film market, anime makes up a bulk of Japanese DVD and อนิเมะใหม่ Blu-ray sales. Because the 1980s, anime has likewise seen increasing worldwide success with the rise of foreign-dubbed and subbed programs. As of 2016, anime represented 60% of the world's animated tv shows.
As a kind of animation, anime is an art type that comprises lots of genres found in movie theater; it is in some cases mistakenly categorized as a genre itself. In Japan, the term anime is used to describe all animation, regardless of origin. English-language dictionaries more restrictively specify anime (United States:
The etymology of the term anime is disputed. The English word "animation" is composed in Japanese katakana as アニメーション (animēshon) and as アニメ (anime [a.ni.me] (About this soundlisten)) in its shortened form. Some sources declare that anime stems from the French term for animation dessin animé, however othersbelieve this to be a myth derived from the appeal of anime in France in the late 1970s and 1980s
In English, anime-- when used as a common noun-- typically works as a mass noun. (For example: "Do you view anime?" or "How much anime have you gathered?") Just like a few other Japanese words such as saké, Pokémon, and Kobo Abé, English-language texts sometimes spell anime as animé (as in French), with an intense accent over the final e, to hint the reader to pronounce the letter, not to leave it quiet as English orthography may recommend. Prior to the widespread usage of anime, the term Japanimation prevailed throughout the 1970s and 1980s. In the mid-1980s, the term anime began to supplant Japanimation. In basic, the latter term now only appears in duration works where it is used to identify and determine Japanese animation.
The word anime has likewise been criticized, e.g. in 1987, when Hayao Miyazaki mentioned that he abhored the truncated word anime due to the fact that to him it represented the desolation of the Japanese animation market. He equated the desolation with animators doing not have motivation and with mass-produced, extremely expressionistic products trusting a fixed iconography of facial expressions and lengthy and overstated action scenes but doing not have depth and sophistication because they do not attempt to communicate emotion or idea.